Scrub Oak Tree Information

Images of Scrub Oak:

Scrub Oak grows in the following 5 states and provinces:

Arizona, Colorado, Maine, New Mexico, Texas

Information about Scrub Oak:

More information about Scrub Oak may be found here.

The Quercus Pungens is commonly known as the Sandpaper Oak, Scrub Oak as well as Vasey Shin Oak.

The currently accepted scientific name of sandpaper oak is Quercus pungens Liebm. It is a member of the beech family (Fagaceae) . In addition to the typical variety, there is one recognized variety, Vasey shin oak (Q. p. var. vaseyana C. H. Muller) . Sandpaper oak hybrizes with gray oak (Quercus grisea) in the Guadalupe Mountains of New Mexico and Texas . This report presents information for both sandpaper and Vasey shin oaks. Information applicable to both is presented under sandpaper oak. When publications specifically used Vasey shin oak, the information is presented under that name.

Sandpaper and Vasey shin oaks are widespread throughout the Edwards Plateau and Trans-Pecos region of Texas. Scattered, isolated populations continue southward into the state of Tamaulipas and proceed westward into Chihuahua, Mexico . Populations of sandpaper oak extend northward into the Guadalupe Mountains of Texas and westward to the mountains of southwestern New Mexico and southeastern Arizona . Sandpaper oak has been reported from southern Colorado ; however, Harrington was unable to locate any specimens supporting this range extension.

Sandpaper oak occurs with true mountain-mahogany (Cercocarpus montanus) and desert ceanothus (Ceanothus greggii) as a dominance type in the chaparral formations in the Guadalupe Mountains, Texas and the montane chaparral of the Chihuahuan Desert region . Sandpaper oak is a characteristic member of juniper (Juniperus spp.)-oak (Quercus spp.) communities and intermixes with desert scrub savanna in the canyons of central and western Texas . In Texas sandpaper or Vasey shin oaks are a dominant or characteristic species in the Mohr shin oak (Quercus mohriana) series, oneseed juniper (Juniperus monosperma) series, and sandpaper oak-true mountain-mahogany series . Sandpaper or Vasey shin oaks are dominant species in the following publications: (1) Vegetation and community types of the Chihuahuan Desert (2) Plant communities of Texas (Series level) . Several species that were not previously included in Distribution and Occurrence information but occur with sandpaper oak are cane cholla (Opuntia imbricata), purplefruited pricklypear (O. phaecantha), Mexican buckeye (Ungnadia speciosa), Texas persimmon (Diospyros texana), hairy tridens (Erioneuron pilosum), and plateau oak (Quercus fusiformis) .

Some of the information provided here is attributed to:Pavek, Diane S. 1993. Quercus pungens. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). , available at the USDA Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) website