Quercus Prinus Tree Information

Images of Quercus Prinus:

Quercus Prinus grows in the following 24 states and provinces:

Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia

Information about Quercus Prinus:

More information about Quercus Prinus may be found here.

The Quercus Prinus is commonly known as the Chestnut Oak, Rock Chestnut Oak, Rock Oak as well as Tanbark Oak.

The currently accepted scientific name of chestnut oak is Quercus prinus L. . It has been placed within the subgenus Lepidobalanus, or white oak group . In the past, Quercus prinus was applied to swamp chestnut oak (Q. michauxii) and Q. montana was applied to chestnut oak. Quercus prinus was restored to chestnut oak by Fernald in 1950 . Chestnut oak naturally hybridizes with the following species : x Q. alba (white oak): Q. X saulii Schneid. x Q. bicolor (swamp white oak) x Q. robur (English oak): Q. X sargentii Rehd. x Q. stellata (post oak): Q. X bernardiensis W. Wolf

Chestnut oak occurs primarily in the Appalachian Mountains and adjacent hill country.  Chestnut oak is distributed from southwestern Maine west through New York to extreme southern Ontario and extreme southeastern Michigan, south through southern Indiana and extreme southern Illinois to extreme northeastern Mississippi, east through northern Alabama to Georgia, and north along the Piedmont to Delaware.  Chestnut oak is rare on the Southeastern Coastal Plain, but occurs along the coast in Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and in the New England states .

Chestnut oak is an important species of eastern upland deciduous and coniferous forests and may occur in pure stands .  It constitutes an important component of the subcanopy and canopy layers of Table Mountain pine (Pinus pungens) forests .  Chestnut oak codominates with eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) on particularly steep east-facing slopes in the Hudson River Valley in New York . Because of the high mortality of American chestnut (Castanea dentata) caused by the chestnut blight fungus (Endothia parasitica) introduced from Asia in the early 1900's, the former Appalachian oak (Quercus spp.)-American chestnut forest is now dominated by chestnut oak, white oak, and northern red oak (Q. rubra) .  Keever recommends that former oak-American chestnut forests be named chestnut oak forests. The following published classifications list chestnut oak as dominant or codominant: Deciduous Forest Vegetation of the Great Smoky Mountains The Natural Communities of South Carolina Eastern Deciduous Forest Forest Vegetation of the Lower Alabama Piedmont The Natural Forests of Maryland:  an explanation of the vegetation map     of Maryland

Some of the information provided here is attributed to:Carey, Jennifer H. 1992. Quercus prinus. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). , available at the USDA Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) website