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Swamp Pine

The Pinus Elliottii is commonly known as Cuban Pine, Dade County Pine, Dade County Slash Pine, Pitch Pine, Slash Pine, South Florida Slash Pine, Swamp Pine, as well as Yellow Slash Pine

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Growing Regions

The native range of the typical slash pine variety includes the Coastal Plain from southern South Carolina to central Florida and west to eastern Louisiana. Slash pine has been planted as far north as Kentucky and Virginia [37], and as far west as eastern Texas, where it now reproduces naturally [24]. The south Florida variety occurs in central and southern Florida and in the lower Florida Keys [2,24].


General Information

The currently accepted scientific name of slash pine is Pinus elliottii Engelm. [23,24]. The species is divided into two geographic varieties: Pinus elliottii var. elliottii Pinus elliottii var. densa Little & Dorman = south Florida slash pine There is a transitional zone where morphological traits of the two varieties show clinal variation. Both varieties will be discussed in this report with emphasis on the typical slash pine variety, P. elliottii var. elliottii. Slash pine occasionally hybridizes with loblolly pine (P. taeda), late flowering sand pine (P. clausa), and early flowering longleaf pine (P. palustris) [23,24].

The published classifications listing slash pine as dominant in
community types (cts) are presented below:

Area                    Classification          Authority

SC                      general veg. cts        Nelson 1986
se US: Gulf Coast       gereral forest cts      Pessin 1933
se US                   general forest cts      Waggoner 1975
se US                   general veg. cts        Christensen 1988
nc FL                   general forest cts      Monk 1968

Much of the information presented here is attributed to:
Carey, Jennifer H. 1992. Pinus elliottii. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available at USDA Forest Service.

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