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Poverty Pine

The Pinus Virginiana is commonly known as Jersey Pine, Oldfield Pine, Possum Pine, Poverty Pine, Scrub Pine, Shortstraw Pine, Spruce Pine, as well as Virginia Pine

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Growing Regions

The native range of Virginia pine extends from southern New Jersey west to Pennsylvania and southern Ohio; south to South Carolina, northern Georgia, northern Alabama, and northern Mississippi [12,25].  It has also been planted in east-central Oklahoma [36].

     

General Information

The currently accepted name of Virginia pine is Pinus virginiana Mill. There are no accepted subspecies, varieties, or forms [14,23,25].

Virginia pine can occur in pure stands or as a member of mixed pine-hardwood communities, particularly those with oak (Quercus spp.) [60].  It is associated with pitch pine (P. rigida) and Table Mountain pine (P. pungens) in the Appalachian Mountains.  On the eastern shores of Virginia and Maryland it is associated with loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) and sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua). In the Peidmont region it is associated with shortleaf pine (P. echinata) and oaks [15]. Published classifications that include Virginia pine as a dominant or codominant species include the following: Classification and evaluation of forest sites in the Cumberland    Mountains [45] Classification and evaluation of forest sites on the    northern Cumberland Plateau [46] Classification and evaluation of forest sites on the    Natchez Trace State Forest [47] Southeastern evergreen and oak-pine region [55] Landscape ecosystem classification for South Carolina [63]

Much of the information presented here is attributed to:
Sullivan, Janet. 1993. Pinus virginiana. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available at USDA Forest Service.

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