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Pinus Glabra

The Pinus Glabra is commonly known as Bottom White Pine, Cedar Pine, Spruce Pine, Walter Pine, as well as Walter's Pine

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Growing Regions

Spruce pine is found on the Coastal Plain of the southeastern United States from southern South Carolina south to north-central and northwestern Florida and west to Mississippi and southeastern Louisiana [3,13].


General Information

The accepted scientific name for spruce pine is Pinus glabra Walt. There are no subspecies, varieties, or forms [13]. Spruce pine has been artificially hybridized with shortleaf pine (P. echinata) [9,13]. It does not form any natural hybrids.

Spruce pine tends to be a scattered component of the overstory in southern mixed-hardwood forests. It is rarely found in pure stands and is not cited as a dominant tree in any association. Its range overlaps that of other pines, but it usually occurs with the following hardwood species: magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora), American beech (Fagus grandiflora), gum (Nyssa spp.), hickory (Carya spp.), sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), water oak (Quercus nigra), Shumard oak (Q. shumardii), cherrybark oak (Q. pagoda), swamp chestnut oak (Q. michauxii), live oak (Q. virginiana), and numerous other tree and shrub species of bottomlands [6,9,16].

Much of the information presented here is attributed to:
Sullivan, Janet. 1993. Pinus glabra. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available at USDA Forest Service.

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