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Old Field Pine

The Pinus Echinata is commonly known as Arkansas Soft Pine, Old Field Pine, Shortleaf Pine, Shortleaf Yellow Pine, Shortstraw Pine, Southern Yellow Pine, as well as Yellow Pine

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Growing Regions

Shortleaf pine has the widest geographic range of any pine in the southeastern United States [24]. It grows in the Atlantic Coast States from southeastern New York to northern Florida; throughout the Gulf States; and inland to western Pennsylvania, southern Ohio, southern Illinois, southern Missouri, eastern Oklahoma, and eastern Texas [24,25]. Arkansas contains more shortleaf pine than any other state [37].


General Information

The currently accepted scientific name of shortleaf pine is Pinus echinata Mill. [24]. There are no recognized varieties or subspecies. Shortleaf pine hybridizes with loblolly pine (P. taeda), pitch pine (P. rigida), pond pine (P. serotina), and spruce pine (P. glabra) [24,25].

Shortleaf pine is dominant in several seral communities.  The
published classifications listing shortleaf pine as a dominant species
in community types (cts) are presented below:

Area                    Classification          Authority

se US                   gen. forest cts         Waggoner 1975

se US                   gen. forest cts         Sheffield and
                                                  others 1989

Much of the information presented here is attributed to:
Carey, Jennifer H. 1992. Pinus echinata. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available at USDA Forest Service.

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