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Eastern Red Pine

The Pinus Resinosa is commonly known as Eastern Red Pine, Norway Pine, as well as Red Pine

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Growing Regions

Red pine's range extends west Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island; New Brunswick; southern Quebec; and Maine to central Ontario and southeast Manitoba; south to southeast Minnesota; and east to Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and the New England States. It occurs locally in Newfoundland, eastern West Virginia, and northern Illinois [24,34]. Red pine has also been planted in a number of states to which it is not native including South Dakota, Ohio, and Indiana.


General Information

The currently accepted scientific name of red pine is Pinus resinosa Ait. [24]. There are no recognized subspecies, varieties, or forms.

Red pine is often codominant with white pine (Pinus strobus) and/or jack pine (P. banksiana). Red pine often forms open stands and, prior to logging and settlement, was the prominent woody species in the pine barrens of Wisconsin [7,43]. The following published classifications list red pine as dominant or codominant. The vegetation of Wisconsin [7] Principal plant associations of the Saint Lawrence Valley [8] Plant communities of Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota, U.S.A. [21] Virgin plant communities of the Boundary Waters Canoe Area [30]

Much of the information presented here is attributed to:
Carey, Jennifer H. 1993. Pinus resinosa. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available at USDA Forest Service.

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