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American Hophornbeam

The Ostrya Virginiana is commonly known as American Hophornbeam, Eastern Hophornbeam, Hophornbeam, as well as Ironwood

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Growing Regions

Eastern hophornbeam is found from Prince Edward's Island to Nova Scotia west through Ontario and Manitoba, and south to the Black Hills of South Dakota. Its range includes all eastern states to northern Florida and eastern Texas. It also extends to the highlands of southern Mexico, and south to Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras [6,27,42,44].


General Information

The currently accepted scientific name for eastern hophornbeam is Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K. Koch [21]. Recognized varieties and forms are as follows [39,44]: var. virginiana - (typical) eastern hophornbeam var. laisa Fern. - with twigs permanently and heavily pubescent var. virginiana forma glandulosa (Spach) Macbr. - with stalked glands on the twigs

Eastern hophornbeam most commonly occurs as a subordinate species in maple(Acer spp.)-beech (Fagus spp.) and maple-basswood (Tilia spp.) communities. It is not an indicator of any particular habitat type [5,11,37].

Much of the information presented here is attributed to:
Coladonato, Milo 1992. Ostrya virginiana. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available at USDA Forest Service.

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